Use your head. Prevent brain injuries.

Most of us plow through life head first, living and playing with gusto and trying to have a good time, get our jobs done, compete and enjoy our lives without hurting ourselves or others. But try as we might to avoid them, brain injuries, unfortunately, are quite common. Caused by a bump or blow to the head, these injuries sometimes are called “concussions” or “traumatic brain injuries” (TBIs) and can range from mild to severe.

Most mild brain injuries cause no harm. But sometimes even mild brain injuries can cause serious, long-lasting problems. The best way to protect yourself and your family from brain injuries is to prevent them from happening in the first place.

Here are some tips from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Brain Injury Association of America to reduce the chances that you or your family members will sustain a brain injury.

  • Wear a seat belt every time you drive or ride in a motor vehicle. 
  • Always buckle your child into a child safety seat, booster seat, or seat belt (according to the child’s height, weight, and age) in the car.
  • Never drive while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
  • Wear a helmet and make sure your children wear helmets when:�
    • Riding a bike, motorcycle, snowmobile, or all-terrain vehicle
    • Playing a contact sport, such as football, ice hockey, or boxing
    • Using in-line skates, scooters or riding a skateboard
    • Batting and running bases in baseball or softball
    • Riding a horse
    • Skiing, snowboarding, canoeing and kayaking
  • When possible, make sure the surface on your child’s playground is made of shock-absorbing material, such as hardwood, mulch, and sand.

It’s also important (for your own safety and to meet State and Federal compliance requirements) to always wear an approved hard hat on indoor and outdoor worksites where you could be at risk from falling objects.

Home safety for you and your family

Many head injuries occur in the home. Avoid falls in the home by:

  • Using a step stool with a grab bar to reach objects on high shelves
  • Installing handrails on stairways
  • Installing window guards to keep young children from falling out of open windows
  • Using safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs when young children are around
  • Removing tripping hazards such as small area rugs and loose electrical cords
  • Using non-slip mats in the bathtub and on shower floors
  • Putting grab bars next to the toilet and in the tub or shower
  • Maintaining a regular exercise program to improve strength, balance, and coordination
  • Seeing an eye doctor regularly for a vision check to help lower the risk of falling

 Signs and symptoms of brain injury

Here is a list of common symptoms of a brain injury (concussion). If you or a family member has a head injury and you notice any of the symptoms on the list, call your doctor right away. Describe the injury and symptoms, and ask if you should make an appointment to see your own doctor or another specialist.

In Adults:

  • Headaches or neck pain that won’t go away
  • Trouble with mental tasks such as remembering, concentrating, or decision-making
  • Slow thinking, speaking, acting, or reading
  • Getting lost or easily confused
  • Feeling tired all the time, having no energy or motivation
  • Mood changes (feeling sad or angry for no reason)
  • Changes in sleep patterns (sleeping a lot more or having a hard time sleeping)
  • Feeling light-headed or dizzy, or losing balance
  • An urge to vomit (nausea)
  • Increased sensitivity to lights, sounds, or distractions
  • Blurred vision or eyes that tire easily
  • Loss of sense of smell or taste
  • Ringing in the ears

In Children:

  • Feeling tired or listless
  • Being irritable or cranky (will not stop crying or cannot be consoled)
  • Changes in eating (will not eat or nurse)
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Changes in the way the child plays
  • Changes in performance at school
  • Lack of interest in favorite toys or activities
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • Loss of balance, unsteady walking
  • Vomiting

The common mom’s advice, “be smart, be safe,” applies to head injury prevention. Think ahead —  pun intended — and always err to the side of caution and safety.

Be sure to check out the CBIA Healthy Connections wellness program at your company’s next renewal. Employees in this program have access to tools and information that can help improve their overall physical and mental well-being. The program is free to both you and your employees as part of your participation in CBIA Health Connections!